Hosea 13:3 Therefore they shall be as the morning cloud, and as the early dew that passeth away, as the chaff that is driven with the whirlwind out of the floor, and as the smoke out of the chimney.
The Hebrew nation which Moses led out of Egypt continually turned their back on God and worshipped other idols. In this particular passage in the book of Hosea, the Northern tribe of Ephriam represented the nation of Israel that had once been great. But by Hosea’s time, (a prophet of the Most High God) the people had rebelled against God and had lost their authority because they worshiped idols. As their worship began to multiply to different idols, their sins began to multiply as well.
To punish their ‘transgression against the law‘, (sin) God would scatter the state of Ephraim amongst the nations. What is sin? The Bible tells us clearly in 1st John 3:4 that Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.
Just like in the past, the goodness of God had represented these four elements, the cloud, dew, chaff and smoke; now these same four elements would represent how easily He would scatter the Hebrew’s in various directions amongst the nations. The morning cloud, the early dew, the chaff before the whirlwind, or the smoke out of the chimney; violently and speedily made to vanish and disappear.
After all that the Lord had done for Israel from their deliverance out of Egypt, they should have acknowledged and worshipped no other god but Him alone. They did not recognize that only He was or ever could be their Savior or Deliverer to the House of Israel. This may also be understood as a prophecy of what the Lord would do for them in future times because they are still to this day, hidden in Christ. But God knows where they are and only He will cause them to return.
Jeremiah 31:31-34 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.