Ro 11:25-28 For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in. And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins. As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers’ sakes.
Isaiah 10:20- 23 ¶And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more again stay upon him that smote them; but shall stay upon the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth. The remnant shall return, even the remnant of Jacob, unto the mighty God. For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, yet a remnant of them shall return: the consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness. For the Lord GOD of hosts shall make a consumption, even determined, in the midst of all the land.
The prophet Isaiah did prophecy that Israel should be saved. Isaiah 45:17-19 But Israel shall be saved in the LORD with an everlasting salvation: ye shall not be ashamed nor confounded world without end. For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else. I have not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth: I said not unto the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me in vain: I the LORD speak righteousness, I declare things that are right.
Israel is a symbolical name of Jacob because as we all know, Jacob was the father of the 12 tribes, but his name was changed to Israel. The tribes split and now there are Israel and Judah. Judah stayed true and Israel wandered away from the covenant.
The Apostle Paul said this: ¶ As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved. And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God. And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God. Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved: For he will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth. And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha. – Romans 9:25 -29
Hosea 1:10 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God. Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great shall be the day of Jezreel.
Paul uses text from both Hosea and Isaiah in what is called a Midrash. There are different origins of a midrash depending on who is studying and what one is studying but rounded up a midrash is plural of Midrashim, the method by which folks investigate scripture in order to reason the laws and teachings that ‘appear’ not to be apparent in the p’shat (literal) reading of the scripture.
While I applaud the efforts of one to reason, if God said not to do it, that seems simple enough to me, so I do not try to rationalize or reason with myself, since He is God and I am dirt.
Moving along, Hosea was not referring to Gentiles but to Israel itself. He meant that one-day Israel, in rebellion (when he wrote) would be called God’s people. Paul’s meaning, which does not conflict with what Hosea wrote but is not necessarily concluding from it, is that ‘God’s people’ (all Israel) now includes some Gentiles.
How did this come about? Paul will tell us: Ro 9:30-31 ¶ What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith. But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness.
The Gentiles are grafted into the family of God by faith in the Messiah. The majority in and of Jacob’s family (Israel being the twelve tribes) missed the Messiah when He came because they did not grasp that the first requirement of the Torah (the teachings of God through the mouth of Moses) that the covenant was not based on ‘works’ but on trusting God by faith.
Paul explains that Israel has had the right goal but has pursued it in the wrong way.
Romans 10:1-10 ¶ Brethren, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved. For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. For they being ignorant of God’s righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.
For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth. For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them. But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above:) Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.) But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach; That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.
They had the knowledge that Jesus would come and become their salvation from the writing in Deuteronomy as well as many other places, but this is what Paul was referring to:
It is not in heaven, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go up for us to heaven, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it? Deuteronomy 30:12
This is why we see it accounted to the patriarchs as righteousness because these are the ones that believed God by faith. Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. For by it the elders obtained a good report. This is what the author of the book of Hebrews is telling us.
Did you notice what Paul said in verse 5? For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them. Paul was quoting Le 18:5 Ye shall therefore keep my statutes, and my judgments: which if a man do, he shall live in them: I am the LORD. Not live by them but live ‘in’ them. He will attain life ‘through’ them. The plan of salvation through Jesus was always in God’s plan and it is through Jesus that humankind is saved.
Should there be any doubt whether the righteousness that results from obeying God’s statutes and judgments leads to eternal life, the verse say’s ‘he shall live in them’. I did not write this. I am the LORD is the One who spoke it.
The word for ‘attain life’ is used to describe what will happen to the believer who ‘by the Spirit’ keeps putting to death the practices of sin nature in the body.
Paul’s conclusion then is that The Law and the Holy Spirit ‘offer’ one and the same; eternal life.
This is consistent with and suggested by the fact that The Law that was given on Mt Sinai and the Holy Spirit coming to the first believers on the day of Pentecost, (Feast of Weeks) occurred on the same day.
A day that God set aside as a ‘moed’ day. A day that He expected them to keep as an appointment. Ergo, if the folks had not observed the commandment to meet or rather appear before God three times in a year on the Holy Days of Passover, Feast of Weeks and Feast of Tabernacles; (“the feasts of the Lord”, which shows all mankind, the plan of salvation) the testimony of those who witnessed these appointed days, might not have been believed and told down through the generations. Make no mistake about it; it was God who instilled them, not the Jewish culture. They are His Feast’s. His appointed times and season that man would think to change just as man has changed the weekly day of observance from Sabbath being the Seventh Day to observance on Sunday. Nevertheless, God’s plan is not over.
And again, the sacrifice that Jesus would make in becoming the way of salvation that the folks in Paul’s audience missed from not understanding their own writings of the prophet reading Isaiah in 53: 10-12. Sadly, still to this day, many refuse to even acknowledge the whole chapter of Isaiah 53.
Isaiah 53:10 ¶ Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
Israel, (being the twelve tribes) for the most part missed the mark and misunderstood the covenant. It was always according to faith and here in our generation we misunderstand this as well. We all think we are saved by grace and while this remains true, people misunderstand this as well because there was always grace in the eyes of God. See my article called the Document of Grace also here in eudoranachandsblog. It will open your eyes as it did mine when I studied it out.
Anyway, Paul explained in Romans 10:1-13 that there was no excuse for their misunderstanding and in verses 14-21 also says this:
Romans 10:12-21 ¶ For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him. For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.
How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher? And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things!
But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report? So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.
But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world. But I say, Did not Israel know?
First Moses saith, I will provoke you to jealousy by them that are no people, and by a foolish nation I will anger you.
But Esaias is very bold, and saith, I was found of them that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them that asked not after me. But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.
Paul is saying that the analysis of his audience is wrong and that the problem is that only some have paid attention and obeyed and have harkened (vs. 17 -18) and not all. If they did, they would have trusted in what they heard and would have been waiting for He who would bring the good news. They would have been thrilled to hear the sound of His feet.
All major English translations and most commentators present Paul’s writings as if he were comparing the difference between two separate paths to righteousness authorized by God. Paul does not illustrate nor does he teach The Mosaic Law and the New Covenant as showing the advantages of the latter over the former or visa versa. There is and has always been only one path, for the Law of Moses requires faith and offers righteousness by faith just like the New Covenant, so that any interpretation which diminishes the law of Moses is not only an insult to God who was the giver of the law of righteous ness’s path, but an insult to Jesus who taught the law and gave it more meaning and made it more honorable, which was also prophesied that Jesus would do.
Isaiah 42:21 The LORD is well pleased for his righteousness’ sake; he will magnify the law, and make it honourable.
Jesus filled up the law and gave it more meaning. For instance, Jesus said this:
“Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.” Mt 5:27 ¶
The law said: De 5:18 Neither shalt thou commit adultery.
Instead of giving leeway for midrash, where one could reason their way through the teaching that one should not commit adultery, Jesus fenced it in by saying that one must not think that they have preserved their virtue by staying out of bed because the heart can be corrupted by lust even quicker than the body and those leering glances that one thinks nobody notices, are the stem that feeds the heart and leads it into the corrupt act of committing adultery, so don’t even think or look with lust. The heart has already committed the act, just by looking with lust. I have heard it said that the eyes are the window to the soul. However, It would not even surprise me that there may even be scripture that confirms this hearing.
CONCLUSION: The promise of the covenant given unto Moses and to Abraham remains, all Israel shall be saved. The folks that become Israel are the folks, Jew and Gentile alike, the chosen and the called that keep the commandments of God.
Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus. Blessed are they that do His commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city. Re 14:12, Re 22:14
Blessed are they that ‘keep’ and ‘do’ His commandments.