John 13:21 When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled in spirit, and testified, and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.
When the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him. And he said unto them, “With desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer: For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” Luke 22:14-16
This scripture passage gives us an insight that the final and fullest meaning of Passover is yet to be revealed to us. What ever ‘it’ is, ‘it’ will not be fulfilled until it is revealed in the kingdom of God.
This may be why Paul says in Col 2:16-17 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.
Paul did not begin his writings until several years after the crucifixion yet he knew that there was more to come regarding the holy days that God commanded. ‘A shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.’ With that understood, an even greater importance and value than a shadow; is the body, which casts the shadow. The reality behind it is because the shadow is of The Messiah, the heavenly realities about to arrive.
The Passover lamb had to be killed where God stipulated. During the time of the Last Supper, this would have been in the Temple Court. The laws of Passover then mandated slaughtering and eating a lamb to memorialize the lamb slain and consumed by each family the night before the Exodus from Egypt (Exodus 12:3-14) Just to be sure, God implemented The Feast of Passover, not the Jews.
This is a memorial feast to the LORD and was to be observed as such, throughout all generations to keep it a feast by an ordinance forever. Thus, the reason Yahushua has called for the two disciples to make ready for the Feast of Passover. Thereby this commemorative meal has long since become referred to as the Seder. The Seder meal commemorates the meal that was eaten the night before the Hebrew nation made the exodus from Egypt.
We humans have what we call a bucket list. A list of things that we would like to do before we die. Yahushua had this was one thing that He especially desired to do. To share Passover with His disciples before He went to the cross and yet Yahushua was troubled in spirit.
Matthews’s account of this evening tells us that the disciples were exceeding sorrowful. (Matthew 26:22) They were grieved when Yahushua told them that He would be betrayed. What was supposed to have been a somber yet nice evening of memorializing their freedom from slavery, had turned to sadness.
John Chapter 13 verse one records this: Now before the feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that His hour had come that He should depart from this world to the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end. The second verse tells us that satan had already put it into the heart of Judas that he should betray Yahushua.
22 Then the disciples looked one on another, doubting of whom he spake.
The disciples all loved Yahushua. They often misunderstood Him but they did love Him. For whatever reason, Judas had opened himself up to be used by satan and was obviously no longer moved by the love of Yahushua. God’s adversary can act through people who by their sin and failure to turn to God thereby open themselves to the influence of satan and his demons (Matthew 4:24, 12:43-45). From such an entrenched position, satan can influence people to carry out his will and oppose God’s will. The disciples who held Yahushua with such regard and love were at a loss concerning what Yahushua had said.
23 Now there was leaning on Jesus’ bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.This is John, the author of the book of John that we are studying in this subject . ‘Yahushua Foretells His Betrayal’. John as far as we know and understand, is the youngest of all the disciples. It is he whom is leaning on the bosom of Jesus.
24 Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, that he should ask who it should be of whom he spake.
These were an inquisitive bunch. They really did not have any idea who the betrayer was. Instead of Simon asking Yahushua who this betrayer was, he asked John the beloved to ask Him.
25 He then lying on Jesus’ breast saith unto him, Lord, who is it?
26 Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it. And when he had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.
When we read about the ‘sop’ that Jesus gave to Judas, the sop is a morsel or a mouthful. We do know that it was in fact a piece of unleavened bread from the scripture written in Matthew:
Matthew 26:17 ¶ Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the passover?
Passover is remembered and observed on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. I am convinced that Yahushua would not have implemented that the bread be anything less than what God commanded beings it was the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread and they had gathered to share Passover.
The ONLY thing that Yahushua added to this night was the wine that represented the blood of the covenant; instead of the blood of the lamb that was killed in preparation of the night to be much remembered and put over the doorposts in the Exodus account.
The Greek word for ‘sops is psomion, pronounced pso-mee’-on. It has been said, that the host to an honored guest traditionally gave the ‘sop’. We know that Jesus was the host as He was the One who told two of His disciples to go to the goodman of the house, to ask about the guestchamber, where Jesus would eat the passover with His disciples.
When Yahushua offers the ‘sop’ (morsel of unleavened bread) to Judas, the rest of the disciples probably just thought it was an act of service, of sorts, or of affection. After all, Yahushua had just washed all of their feet including the feet of Judas. Yet it was clearly still not obvious to them who the betrayer was. Even when Yahushua knew what Judas was about to do, He more than likely still considered Judas a friend and still loved him.
Perhaps this was a sign of affection but perhaps, it may also have been a sign given to Judas, an opportunity to repent of the evil inclintion of his heart. The reason I suggest this is because Yahuhua said in John 6:48 I am that bread of life. And again in John 6:51 “I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.” I can not help but wonder, was Yahushua offering to Judas, life?
In any case, the apostles do not grasp what Judas is doing because the only thing they heard Jesus say to Judas was “What you do, do quickly.” Even after Yahushua had told them ‘He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it’, they still do not comprehend who the betrayer is.
What did Yahushua dip the morsel of unleavened bread in? We do not really know. It could have been something like salt water or perhaps some type of mashed up horseradish, all we know for sure is that it was commanded by God to eat bitter herbs. The Seder meal now uses this implement (Horseradish, a bitter herb) as a memorial of the bitterness of the slavery in Egypt, something they do not want to ever happen again. On the night, that Yahushua dipped the morsel, having handed that piece of morsel to Judas, may have also been a sign to Judas that he was still in slavery to the adversary.
And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. ~ Exodus 12:8
27 And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly.
It wasn’t until after Yahushua offered the ‘sop’ to Judas and he took it that satan entered into him.
28 Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spake this unto him.
No one knew then and we still do not. We can speculate and maybe even have ideas such as the ones that I suggested above, but we really do not know. What we will now read is that they still thought that Judas was about the tend to the Lord’s business delivering something to the poor since he was in charge of the money, or perhaps that he was to go and purchase what was needed for the Feast of Unleavened Bread since this feast lasted for seven days. What ever the truth behind the sop, it is evident that Judas did not accept the possible pardon and made the final rejection of Yahushua’s unconditional love.
29 For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor.
30 He then having received the sop went immediately out: and it was night.
Judas left the memorial meal before it was even finished and went out into the darkness to betray Yahushua. Just as Yahushua knew what Judas was about to do, so He knows our hearts and what we are about to do. Just like Judas, He still loves us with unconditional love and will forgive us should we repent.
For some reason after all the years that Judas had followed in Yahushua’s footsteps, he had come to this point and would betray Yahushua to the authorities for thirty sheckles of silver. The story goes on to tell that Judas’s life ended tragically. To read further in this chapter, Yahushua goes on to prophecy that Peter will deny Him.
At what cost will we deny Him? Judas placed the value to be only thirty sheckles. Before we judge rightly of our own strength to go through with something, shouldn’t we stop to count the cost? Have we not stopped to consider and count the cost of what it is to follow in the footsteps of Yahushua?
Luke 14:28 For which of you, intending to build a tower, sitteth not down first, and counteth the cost, whether he have sufficient to finish it? We know from scripture that Moses stopped to count the cost.
By faith Moses, when he was come to years, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter; Choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season; ~ Heb 11:24-25
We could weigh in the balance that we could take our reward right here and now enjoying whatever happiness and we can hold onto what the world and satan offers.
Following Yahushua signifies our willingness to surrender our lives fully and completely to our Creator, putting to death our old self and rising from a watery grave to live a new and transformed life in the here and now with the promise of eternal life beyond the grave.
Either way, the choice we make will follow us all the way to the grave. However, the benefit of the infinite value of following in His footsteps leads us to the resurrection of eternal life with God, our Creator.
Pascal’s Wager is this:
Suppose there is one chance in a billion that Yahushua is who the Bible says that He is. Then it is still absolutely worthwhile to believe in Yahushua; because although we have a very high chance of paying some finite cost, nevertheless a tiny chance at an infinite reward still has value – one billionth of plus-infinity is still plus-infinity.
It is equally un-worthwhile to disbelieve, because although we have a very high chance of gaining some finite amount of benefits, even a one billionth chance of minus-infinity has a value of minus-infinity, which outweighs all finite benefits.
Only those who are ABSOLUTLY CERTAIN that the Bible is false, who can give zero probability to its truth, can rationally choose to disbelieve.
What is the rational that you will choose? Will you follow Him all the way to the grave?
What price are you willing to pay?
Mark 14:21 The Son of man indeed goeth, as it is written of him: but woe to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! good were it for that man if he had never been born.
- The Bread of Life (eudoranachand.wordpress.com)
- A Study of Hebrews Chapter Two (eudoranachand.wordpress.com)
- “Shadows of Good Things to Come” (eudoranachand.wordpress.com)
- A Study of Hebrews Chapter Three (eudoranachand.wordpress.com)
- A Study of Hebrews Chapter One (eudoranachand.wordpress.com)
- His Teachings, His Precept or Statute (eudoranachand.wordpress.com)
- A Study of Hebrews Chapter Four (eudoranachand.wordpress.com)