The Story of Nachshon ben Amminadab ~ By Eudora Nachand

In the traditional Jewish telling of the crossing of the Red Sea, Nachshon ben Amminadab, the prince over the tribe of Judah, plays an important role. Who is Nachshon? His name is mentioned six times in the Torah. To believers his name is familiar from the genealogies of lord Yahushua in Matthew 1 and Luke 3.

Nachshon was one of the ancestors of Lord Yahushua. The Torah refers to him as the prince over the tribe of Judah.

The lion is the symbol of the Tribe of Judah. ...

The lion is the symbol of the Tribe of Judah. It is often represented in Jewish art, such as this sculpture outside a synagogue (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The first mention of the son of Amminadab is in the book of Exodus. 6:23

 Exodus. 6:23 And Aaron took him Elisheba, daughter of Amminadab, sister of Nachshon, to wife; and she bare him Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

Aaron a Levite took a daughter from the tribe of Judah.  Her name was Elisheba bet Amminadab.  Her brother’s name was Nachshon ben Amminadab. Their father’s name was Amminadab ben Aram, from the tribe of Judah. At the time of the Exodus, Amminadab was the head of his household. (Ex 6:14)

Numbers 1:7 tells us that; Nachshon the son of Amminadab is of Judah

In this text, God had told Moses to Take ye the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, after their families, by the house of their fathers, with the number of their names, every male by their polls; From twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel: thou and Aaron shall number them by their armies. (Numbers 1:2-3)

From twenty years old and upward; In this census no women, children, strangers, the Levites, nor old men were counted. In their departure from Egypt, they were divided into five companies (Exodus 13:18), but from their temporary stay in the wilderness to the passage of the Jordan, they were formed into four great divisions. At this point, they are still in the wilderness at Sinai.

Crossing of the red sea

Crossing of the red sea (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In the Talmud, Nachshon ben Amminadab is remembered as the first to go down into the Red Sea. According to the traditional telling, Moses directed the Israelites to step into the sea, but they were unwilling to do so until Nachshon sprang forward and plunged into the water. He struggled under the waves and was near to drowning. As the water washed over him, the LORD instructed Moses to lift his staff and stretch out his hand so that the water might split. Nachshon then led the Israelites to safety on the other side.

The story of Nachshon can teach us about Lord Yahushua the Messiah. The Torah calls Nachshon the prince (nasi) over the tribe of Judah. The word “Prince” (nasi) is twice translated in the Greek (LXX) version of the Bible with the Greek word archegos: forerunner, leader, trailblazer, captain, pioneer, prince, head. In the Talmud’s story, Nachshon was a trailblazer who led the way into the sea. He ushered Israel to safety by taking the proverbial leap of faith. He was the archegos of the people.

Exodus 13:18 But God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red sea: and the children of Israel went up harnessed out of the land of Egypt.

Nachshon, the son of Amminadab was chosen as Captain of the children of Judah. Those who were called to attend to the census were also given the charge of Captain of their tribe. There were twelve men chosen for this duty. Nachshon was one of the twelve. The tribe of Judah was in the first post of honour, encamped towards the rising sun on the east side of the tabernacle. The tribe of Issachar to its left and the tribe of Zebulun to its right.

Numbers 2:3 ¶ And on the east side toward the rising of the sun shall they of the standard of the camp of Judah pitch throughout their armies: and Nachshon the son of Amminadab shall be captain of the children of Judah.

The tribe of Judah was in the first post of honour, encamped towards the rising sun.   When ever they marched somewhere, Lord Yahushua HaMashiach~ Jesus Christ in effect led the way and Nachshon followed the cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night. Therefore, from this reading, we gather that one of Nachshon’s gifts would be to lead, or be a leader.

Numbers 2:3 ¶ And on the east side toward the rising of the sun shall they of the standard of the camp of Judah pitch throughout their armies: and Nachshon the son of Amminadab shall be captain of the children of Judah.

Nachshon is considered among the ancestors of Christ, (Matthew 1:4) So that, when Nachshon went before them, Lord Yahushua HaMashiach ~ Jesus Christ Himself went before them in effect, as their leader.

Archegos is a word used by the Apostles to describe Lord Yahushua. Peter refers to Lord Yahushua as the “archegos of life” (Acts 3:15) and “the one whom God exalted to His right hand as an archegos and a Savior.” (Acts 5:31)

The writer of the book of Hebrews refers to Messiah as the “archegos of their salvation through sufferings” (Hebrews 2:10) and the “archegos and perfecter of faith.” (Hebrews 12:2) He is the archegos of life in that He was the first to pass from death to life.

In that sense, the Red Sea can be likened unto the grave. Just as Nachshon led Israel through the sea to safety on the other side, Messiah leads the way through the grave to safety on the other side through His resurrection.

Like Nachshon struggling beneath the waves, He preceded the Hebrew nation as the archegos of salvation. And just as Nachshon demonstrated saving faith for all Israel by taking that first leap of faith, Lord Yahushua HaMashiach ~ Jesus Christ the Messiah is the archegos  [One that takes the lead] and perfecter of our faith.

It was God who told Moses to appoint these men so that there would not be any envy. If Moses had chosen, quarreling would have begun in the camp. Who would argue with God? Matthew 20:27 And whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant:  So even though Nachshon was chosen Chief/ Captain, this does not give him any boasting rights whatsoever. It is his service unto the Lord and to Him alone be all the glory.  We must not ever glorify ourselves.  The tribe of Judah, from which Christ sprang, was appointed to the highest station and Nachshon was chosen Captain of this tribe.  Captain Nethaneel from the tribe of Issachar followed the tribe of Judah. Captain Elib from the tribe of Zebulun {The tenth son of Jacob means ‘exaulted’} followed behind Issachar {The 9th son of Jacob means ‘There is recompense’ or ‘He will bring a reward’} and so on.

Numbers 7:12 And he that offered his offering the first day was Nachshon the son of Amminadab, of the tribe of Judah:

Numbers 7:1-2 ¶ And it came to pass on the day that Moses had fully set up the tabernacle, and had anointed it, and sanctified it, and all the instruments thereof, both the altar and all the vessels thereof, and had anointed them, and sanctified them; That the princes of Israel, heads of the house of their fathers, who were the princes of the tribes, and were over them that were numbered, offered.

When the tabernacle was fully set up, it appeared that the princes of the twelve tribes had prepared six covered wagons, drawn by two oxen each, one wagon for two tribes, for the service of the tabernacle. Moses is commanded to receive the offering and is to distribute this offering to the tribe of Levi for their service in the tabernacle.  Each prince was to take a day and give his offering. On the first day, Nachshon, of the tribe of JUDAH, offers a silver charger, a silver bowl, a golden spoon, a young bullock, a ram, a lamb, and a kid, for a SIN-OFFERING; two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five lambs, for a PEACE-OFFERING, (Numbers 7:12-17)

Numbers 7:13-17  And his offering was one silver charger, the weight thereof was an hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them were full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: One spoon of ten shekels of gold, full of incense: One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering: One kid of the goats for a sin offering: And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year: this was the offering of Nachshon the son of Amminadab.

Leviticus 3:1 ¶ And if his oblation be a sacrifice of peace offering, if he offer it of the herd; whether it be a male or female, he shall offer it without blemish before the LORD. (Law)

The transactions mentioned in this chapter took place on the second day of the second month of the second year after their departure from Egypt; and the proper place of this account is immediately after the tenth chapter of Leviticus according to Adam Clarke.

Numbers 10:14 In the first place went the standard of the camp of the children of Judah according to their armies: and over his host was Nachshon the son of Amminadab.

In this chapter, (10) God gave instructions on how and when to blow their trumpets.  Two trumpets were completely made of silver. These for the calling of the assembly, and for the journeying of the camps. When they were blown together, all the assembly gathered themselves at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.  If only one of these silver trumpets were blown, then the princes, which are heads of the thousands of Israel, gathered themselves unto God, I am assuming at the door of the tabernacle as well.

However, when one of these silver trumpets blew an alarm; the camps that lay to the East side of the tabernacle was to go forward. If these trumpets blew a second alarm, the camps from the South were to take their journey. These trumpets and their sound were as a sign for them to march forward and consequently for the rest to follow them according to the sound of the alarm.  It was up to the sons of Aaron; the priests, who would blow with the trumpets; and this was to be for an ordinance forever throughout their generations.

Cool, if the alarm was a call to war in their own land then God would remember them and they would be saved from their enemies.  How cool is that?  On a side note, this tells me that here we are in our day, if we sound an alarm, then God will hear our call for help, if we are obedient to Him and His will for us.

1st Chronicles 2:10 And Ram begat Amminadab; and Amminadab begat Nachshon, prince of the children of Judah;

This once again is the establishment of the genealogy of which Yahushua would come through; Nachshon was head of the tribe of Judah at the time of the wilderness march from Sinai to Kadesh Barnea.  He was more than five generations removed from Judah, himself, the son of Jacob.  450 years had passed between them.

They are living in the camp in the wilderness when the entire above took place or were written. Amminadab would not have received the blessing to go into the Promised Land.  Nachshon and his son Salmon would have, if Nachshon was in fact still alive. I do not think so based on this scripture:

“But among these there was not a man of them whom Moses and Aaron the priest numbered, when they numbered the children of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai. For The Lord had said of them, They shall surely die in the wilderness. And there was not left a man of them, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun.” (Numbers 26:64-65 KJV

The sword and shield are imperative for every Nachand representing the dignity of a warrior who is anointed and chosen to be a leader.

Nachand CrestThe golden-yellow amber color with-in the shield, represents the color of a warrior.  Like many golden and yellow stones, amber is associated with wisdom. Amber is also said to purify the spirit and warm the heart.  Amber is the color of optimism and heightens creativity. Amber is an ancient color because it comes from fossilized resin. The color amber represents love, energy, wisdom, balance, peace, joy, freedom, growth, enlightenment, happiness, confidence, creativity, patience, and calmness and finally amber represents fire.

Blue represents royalty.  Purple is associated with both nobility and spirituality.

On a side note:  Numbers 7:84 This was the dedication of the altar, in the day when it was anointed, by the princes of Israel: twelve chargers of silver.

About the crest:  Here is what my grand nephew said: “I don’t think it really matters as long as I know what it means and that it represents our family.” ~ Christian Joseph Morelli Nachand





About eudoranachand

A Spirit filled disciple who continually seeks His kingdom and His righteousness.
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2 Responses to The Story of Nachshon ben Amminadab ~ By Eudora Nachand

  1. Pingback: Healing Faith | Eudoranachand's Blog

  2. Pingback: The Mainstay of the Torah, the ‘Teachings’ of God | Eudoranachand's Blog

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