Matthew 26:28 For <gar> this <touto> is <esti> my <mou> blood <haima> of the new <kainos> testament, <diatheke> which <ho> is shed <ekcheo> for <peri> many <polus> for <eis> the remission <aphesis> of sins. <hamartia>
I want to focus on the following words from the Strong’s point of view. New <kainos> and Testament, <diatheke>
Kainos is a Greek word pronounced kahee-nos’ of uncertain affinity; new (especially in freshness; while 3501 is properly so with respect to age:–new.
Diatheke is a Greek word pronounced dee-ath-ay’-kay from 1303; properly, a disposition, i.e. (specially) a contract (especially a devisory will):–covenant, testament.
So what we have is freshness given to the original covenant, or to look at it another way, a new breath of Yahwey’s inspiration upon His last will and testament; shed through the blood of Yahushua for ‘many’ of Yahwey’s creation for the remission of sins.
I accept the fact that all scripture is given by inspiration of Elohim and is profitable for doctrine, reproof or correction and is instruction in righteousness so that the man of Elohim may be perfect, fully equipped, unto all good works as one toils to grow closer in their relationship to Elohim, while strengthening ones faith and belief.
Yahwey has divinely breathed into His word and thus keeps it alive by the sheer power of His own breath. His word is helpful for learning, teaching, convicting ones heart and is both educating and instructive. His word nurtures our character so that we learn His righteousness. All the word that was written in our Bible was written for our learning so that we though patience and comfort might have hope.
The words therein were not just written for those who first received them. We, by our patient diligence cleave to the Elohim of our faith, in faith; by a measure that was first given to every man and by both fruit and gift of the Spirit, should one be so blessed. In holy obedience we walk in this faith amidst all the trials and temptations of our lives taking comfort from the daily perusal of the scriptures, where we find and possess a joyful hope. This joyful hope is that we might attain the promise of eternal life.
His word influences our heart, our mind and our personal choices in life. His word is encouraging, enthusiastic, convicting, motivational, revealing and illuminating.
The scripture that I opened this article with comes from what man has titled the ‘New’ Testament. This title alone is suggestive that simply by being ‘new’ that the original Hebrew Scriptures are old. The word ‘Old’ is expressive in itself that the Hebrew Scriptures are thereby out dated and useless. Yet what we fail to remember is that it is also man that has given the Hebrew Scriptures the name of the ‘Old’ Testament too. However, if the Bible is God breathed and we know that it is; it is and will always be new each day, just like His mercies are new each morning.
The first five books of the Hebrew Bible are called Torah simply because this is the Hebrew word literally meaning “teaching, doctrine”. Unfortunately the word Torah is rendered as law in both the Greek version of the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament. The word law in the Greek is nomos, pronounced nom’-os from a primary nemo (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), genitive case (regulation), specially, (of Moses (including the volume); also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle):–law. So we know that whenever we see the word ‘law’ in our Bible, it is referring to the teachings that Yahwey gave to Moses, for all peoples.
The general population hates the word law; perhaps because it makes them feel like they are in trouble or might be held responsible for doing or not doing something and then be held accountable for doing or not doing it. I think this is exactly how satan wants the general population to feel because it causes folks to become defensive just as they do when they are confronted by a police officer, especially if they feel they are being wrongfully accused.
However, if one looks up the word law in the Hebrew Bible it has been translated from the word Torah or Teruh. Greek has had a more direct and pervasive influence on English and other modern languages than Hebrew has. This is why in most languages one speaks of the ‘Law of Moses’ rather than the Teaching of Moses. It is also part of the reason why the Torah has mistakenly come to be thought of by Christians as legalistic in character.
Romans 3:20 Therefore <dioti> by <ek> the deeds <ergon> of the law <nomos> there shall <dikaioo> no <pas> <ou> flesh <sarx> be justified <dikaioo> in his <autos> sight: <enopion> for <gar> by <dia> the law <nomos> is the knowledge <epignosis> of sin. <hamartia>
It makes complete sense to me that the deeds of the teachings of Moses cannot justify the flesh in Yahwey’s sight. The Apostle Paul knew that what the Torah really does is show people how sinful they are, literally because through the Teachings of Moses is full knowledge of sin. What ought to be having an influence in our lives is the word of Yahwey, His teachings and ‘not’ the word of man.
Greek ‘amartia corresponds to Hebrew ‘chet’; both are usually translated ‘sin’. Nevertheless both convey the sense ‘missing the mark’, like how an archer shoots off target. What the Torah offers to its reader by faith, to anyone who lets himself be affected by the teachings; is fuller awareness of how much he is missing the target of righteousness which the Torah sets before him. The Torah also offers positive guidance that leads one towards utilizing what is known in Torah, thus keeping one on the straight and narrow path that leads to right behavior.
The Torah lacked the power to make the old nature (flesh) cooperate with Yahwey. All power resides in Yahwey. He did what His own teachings, instructions and commands could not of themselves do by sending His Son in likeness of flesh. Although Yahushua was a human being and had a truly human nature (Greek sarx, flesh), His flesh or nature wasn’t like that of other humans because it was not sinful, and He did not sin. He encountered temptations just like those we face, but He conquered them without sinning by the POWER of the Holy Spirit. The Torah was powerless because it can teach you right from wrong (Psalm 119:105) but it can not change the heart. Only the Holy Spirit can do that. Thus the reason why we need the Holy Spirit just like all of those who also had the Spirit of Elohim back in the writings of old.
Yahwey did this in order to deal with sin because sin is such a serious disturbance in creation that nothing else could overcome it. Thus the whole reason we have the story of Job to show that only Yahwey can solve the problem of sin in the universe. Yahwey sent His Son as a sin offering and in doing so He literally condemned sin in the flesh. The just requirement of Torah must be punished by death so that the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us and not merely in Yahushua alone. We are united with Him and have died with Him. Also… being united with Him means that we do not run our lives according to what our old nature wants but according to what the Holy Spirit wants literally, we “walk not according to flesh but according to the Spirit”
Tucked away in the promise to Abraham that was written in the Genesis, (The Beginning) it says, ‘thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies”, is clear representation of the Seed to come who really held the promise and that is Messiah, the seed who became flesh and then died, paving the way for us, showing us how to please Yahwey by faith because without faith it is impossible to please Him: for he that cometh to Elohim must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of them that diligently seek Him.
Galations 3:23 But <de> before <pro> faith <pistis> came, <erchomai> we were kept <phroureo> under <hupo> the law, <nomos> shut up <sugkleio> unto <eis> the faith <pistis> which should afterwards <mello> be revealed. <apokalupto>
All have come short of earning praise. Before Yahushua came, most all of these folks were in bondage, imprisoned by a wrongful translated understanding of the teachings of Moses given to him by Yahwey on Mt Sinai. This kept them in an inferior position or condition, thinking they must somehow preform. The folks felt that they had to somehow earn His grace which actually kept them in bondage to themselves and their works proving only that their faith was in themselves and not in Elohim who first brought them into a covenant relationship. We can not follow this destructive path. We must follow the Spirit.
Time and time again, the children of Israel who were mandated to teach the covenant relationship to their children and thereby every generation as well as to all mankind around them, failed to keep covenant even though Yahwey kept His loving arms still outstretched to them to come back. We know from the author of Hebrews that it was not His law that failed. We can read in verse eight of chapter eight that Yahwey found fault in ‘them’; the children.
It wasn’t Elohim that broke covenant, nor did He or Yahushua do away with it. It was the people. It was Yahwey who found fault with ‘them’ the people, not with His law. It would be ludicrous to think that Elohim would find fault in His own original teachings and then turn around and speak through the mouth of the prophet saying that He will put His Torah into their mind, and write them (The Teachings and doctrine) in their hearts: and He will be to them a God, and they shall be to Him a people.
If Yahushua came and did away with the law, why would Elohim have used a prophet to tell mankind that the day would come when He would put ‘the law’ into the hearts and minds of the people, if the law was done away with?
We have to think logically. This is why there is this warning in Hebrews, to not let man teach us what the Holy Spirit will reveal because the Holy Spirit reveals what is truth. Man does not accept truth when it does not suit his own interest. REMEMBER one of the last things that Yahushua (Alpha and Omega ~ Greek/ Alef Tav~ Hebrew) told us? “Blessed are they that ‘do’ His commandments that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.” He didn’t even say keep. Yahushua said to ‘do His commandments.
If the first covenant had been faultless; able to completely irradiate sin, Yahwey would not have had to send His Son to mediate and stand in the gap for humanity’s willful sin and transgression against the teachings of Elohim. The ministry which Yahushua is now serving in (The ministry of the High Priest), He is our mediator of a better covenant, one that is established on better promises that Elohim will no longer see our sin because of the blood covering, the Ashawm offering. But this doesn’t give us a license to continue in willful sin.
Therefore Elohim renewed His covenant, through the blood of His Son, Yahushua. This is why it is so crucial for us to understand this because we too are in jeopardy of breaking covenant with Elohim, if we do away with His law, statutes and commandments. The same could happen to us, just like what was happening to the folks who were the original recipients of the covenant given on Mt Sinai; just like what was happening to the folks who the letter to the Hebrews was written too. They were being tempted to break covenant with Elohim, to do away with everything that they were taught.
By placing His Torah, His law, His teachings in the heart of man and in people’s minds, Yahwey is accomplishing precisely what the Sh’ma requires. Sh’ma is the passage that begins with the words, “Hear O Israel”, because this is what Sh‘ma means. To listen and give heed. When we read these words, the people are to awaken, tip their ear and hear what follows because the words that follow are specifically to be heard, to keep and to do them and be taught from generation to generation.
The ceremonial law in the original covenant relates specifically to our worship. Its original purpose pointed us towards Yahushua who we would read over time; worshiped Elohim in such a holy way that we too desire to imitate Him by our own actions, dedicating our bodies as a living sacrifice in everything we think say and do which is our acceptable service unto a holy God. The principles behind the ceremonial law, teach us how to honor our Father in such a way that pleases Him. This is our faith in action. We know from the prophet Ezekiel that in the new temple, there will be offerings there, both the sin offering and the trespass offering. (Ezekiel 44:29)
Which brings me to a question. If the sacrifices were done away with and Yahushua fulfilled them all, why are we heading back into the temple in the future where there will in fact be offerings? WHY? Because His word stands forever and He doesn’t change. It is the people who have thought to have changed, His ways.
The civil law in the original covenant relates specifically to our society and our culture right where each one of us live, no different than it did for the folks back the in the ancient days when the patriarchs of our faith lived. Even though our modern times are radically different, we can see just how far humanity has gone away from Yahwey’s teachings by the way that mankind is more selfish, self-centered and self-assured that they can just lean on themselves rather than the pure grace of Elohim without doing what He expects of His children. The principles behind the civil law are guidelines that teach us how to conduct ourselves in a communal setting, our neighborhoods, our cities, our counties and state.
These guidelines are timeless and should always remain in our ever consistent changing world. We must also never forget that the patriarchs of our faith that are mentioned in chapter eleven of the letter to the Hebrews, were faithful to keep covenant and their faith was counted towards them as righteousness because they did not do away with Yahwey’s teachings in their heart. When they broke covenant, they repented and found favor once again in His eyes. However James (2:24) points out to us that the patriarchs of faith were not justified by their faith alone, but it was their action, their works.
The moral law in the original covenant such as the Ten Commands that Yah uttered, are His direct commandments which require our strict obedience. The moral laws reveal to us the beautiful nature and the will of Elohim that we do not harm ourselves or others and that we treat people with dignity just as we would have others treat us. Yahushua showed us how to love Yahwey first and how to love one another just as He loved all those around Him, even those who crucified Him when He cried out to Elohim to forgive them because they had no idea what they were doing by condemning the One who would provide the blood covering for their sin and transgression of violating the teachings that Yahwey gave to Moses on Mt Sinai.
The Pharisees scrupulously taunted Yahushua constantly in their attempts to make sure that He followed the commandments to the letter because this is how they perceived they were to walk in obedience but yet was by all of their own misunderstandings of interpretation. All of their added rules of cohesion did not go un-noticed by Yahushua. Many times in His correspondence with them, He referred to ‘their man made traditions’ so as to drive home with them that their laws were not the simplified teachings of Yahwey but were laws that were so decisive that no one could even begin to think of being compliant.
Anonymous said: “Gods people need to stop complicating things just read your bible for goodness sake. Otherwise you will get punished for your lack of knowledge.”
I beseech everyone to read what the scripture actually says. It isn’t just for the lack of knowledge that Elohim’s people are destroyed. It is because they have turned away from His law and rejected the knowledge therein.
Hosea 4:6 ¶ My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children.
The law teaches us how to live the way that Yahwey has prescribed in order that we might be priests and kings in the Kingdom. However, if we disregard His law and say that it has been done away with thereby rejecting it, we who were once His people will be destroyed because we have forgotten His law, just as the scripture reveals. Because we have rejected His law, we cannot be a priest unto Him. We will be destroyed and He will forget our children.
Galations 3:10 For <gar> as many as <hosos> are <eisi> of <ek> the works <ergon> of the law <nomos> are <eisi> under <hupo> the curse: <katara> for <gar> it is written, <grapho> Cursed <epikataratos> is every one <pas> that <hos> continueth <emmeno> not <ou> in <en> all things <pas> which <ho> are written <grapho> in <en> the book <biblion> of the law <nomos> to do <poieo> them. <autos>
Someone recently said something that was rather profound. ~ “If not for Paul, you wouldn’t know anything about the removal of the curse of the law and many other things!”
In all actuality if it were not for Yahushua, we would still be bound to the curse of the law regarding sin and the death that is required should one commit certain offenses towards Yah. However, Yahushua not only became our sacrifice, He became such, in ‘The Hour of Perfection’, the ninth hour when He became the Asham offering. Even our sin of ignorance was provided for. HALLILU-YAH!
In Galations 3:10, Paul was quoting the Torah. Deuteronomy 27:26 Cursed be he that confirmed not all the words of this law to do them. And all the people shall say, Amen.
Why would Paul constantly quote the law if he were not teaching it? Paul was teaching the people so that they would stop being legalistic to the law. By the time of Yahushua’s ministry, the Pharisees (Who had the greatest influence over the people), had the priests of the Temple following their man made traditions. This is what Yahushua refers to when He questioned the scribes and Pharisees, ‘ Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition?” ~ Matthew 15:3
If Yahushua did not expect them to keep the commandments, He wouldn’t have asked them why they were transgressing the commandment.
For as many as are as are from works of legalism, they are under the curse; for it has been written, “Cursed is everyone who does not abide in all those things which have been written in the scroll of the Torah, (Teachings of Yahwey) to do them. We might ask, where was it written?
Deuteronomy 27:26 Cursed be he that confirmeth not all the words of this law to do them. And all the people shall say, Amen.
No one is made righteous in Elohim by legalism is clear because ‘The righteous shall live by faith’, and legalism is not by faith, but ‘the one who does these things will live in them’. Them what?
Leviticus 18:5 Ye shall therefore keep my statutes, and my judgments: which if a man do, he shall live in them: I am the LORD.
Should there be any doubt whatsoever, righteousness that results from obeying Yahwey’s statutes and judgments leads to eternal life. That is the ‘them’. The verse says, ‘he shall live in them’. To make this a stronger statement, in Romans 10:5, Paul says ‘the man which doeth those things (the law) shall live by them’ the statutes and the judgments which culminates, ‘the law‘. He is saying that a man would live their life according to what is written in Torah.
The statutes are the boundary, the judgments is what is prescribed should anyone go beyond the boundary.
Romans 10:5 For Moses described the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.
Therefore, in the Holy Scriptures, folks had the same proposal before them that if they had lived with in the framework of the law by faith, they would have received the gift of everlasting Life who would come through the seed of Abraham, (Messiah) because like all those in the faith chapter of Hebrews 11, doing the law by faith was accredited towards them as righteousness until the Messiah would cover their transgression against the law and it would be forgotten through the Renewed Covenant. Sin is transgression against the law according to 1st John ¶ Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. (KJV)
The blessing of Abraham would come to the ‘heathens’ (Gentiles) by means of Messiah Yahushua, so that we could take the promise of the Spirit through faith just like all those mentioned in the faith chapter.
Therefore, everyone, both legalist and those who trust by faith will agree that Yahwey’s Torah requires obedience to all of its commands, or looking at it from another angle, Yahwey does not gloss over sin.
Deuteronomy 27:26 Cursed be he that confirmed not all the words of this law to do them. And all the people shall say, Amen.
However, in spite of the contrary opinion of many Christian interpreters, Paul’s point is not that imperfect human nature is incapable of keeping all the commands of the Torah. Paul never says this and he does not even try to prove it.
On the contrary, the Torah itself, anticipating that people will fall short of complete obedience and thereby go out of fellowship with Yahwey states what those who disobey Torah commands must do in order to restore such fellowship; they must repent.
Yahwey gave a solution to all peoples; it is called repentance. Ergo just one of the many reasons that Yahushua shed His blood. To cover our transgression against Torah so that we might seek His Kingdom and His righteousness. Thus we are given the opportunity to turn from sin by means of repentance and begin to walk in obedience using the instruction written in Torah that show us how to ‘do’ so.
We have a good example in that of King David who committed adultery and murder. Yahwey forgave him after he repented. Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered. Not only was King David forgiven after he repented but these two transgressions alone that he repented of; were willful sins. Blessed is the man whose sin the Lord does not count against him and in whose spirit is no deceit!”
King David prayed, “Wash away all my iniquity…Cleanse me with hyssop, and I shall be clean; wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow!” King David was crying out in repentance. Yahwey had commanded the Israelites to use the branch of the hyssop plant for sprinkling the blood of the sacrifices. The sprinkled blood illustrated the great sacrifice of the coming Redeemer who would willingly die, shedding His blood as a payment for sin, transgression against the Torah. . King David turned from sin… to Yahwey; and he was forgiven.
Paul proves ‘not’ that the Torah can not be obeyed perfectly, but that legalist in particular merely just by being ‘legalist’ violate one of the Torah’s commands and therefore, on the basis of Deuteronomy 27:26, they do not receive the promise of life, are not found righteous and come under a curse.
Those under law are under sin. This is why we need the promise by faith because it is Yahushua who has saved us from the curse of the law, which is death. Now by faith we can live with-in the freedom of the law of the Spirit who guides us and teaches us the truth and rational understandings of Yahwey’s Torah, His Teachings.
Therefore, is Torah (Teachings of Elohim) contrary to the promises of Yahwey? God forbid! For if Torah (Teaching) was given, that which was able to make alive, in truth righteousness would have been from Torah (Teaching): but the Scripture has imprisoned everything under the power of sin, so that, through faith in Yahushua, the Messiah, the promise would be given to those who believe. Before faith came, we were held in custody under tradition, being kept prisoner against the coming faith that was to be revealed, so the Torah (Teaching) has become our custodial guide to Messiah, so that we could be made righteous by faith and since faith has come, we are no longer under custody.
Even Paul admits that he was once under the law, held by tradition before he came by faith. It is the emersion of the Holy Spirit that brings us in union with Messiah that transforms us from our fleshly desire and nature into a spirit filled life that yearns to please Elohim and not ourselves. Daily, as we absorb the word deep with-in ourselves, we become increasingly like Yahushua who lived a sinless life. We are still human and live in the flesh and we will never be perfected until we are fully spirit.
However, we can mirror Him by staying true, steadfast and faithful to Him who has always been faithful, steadfast and true.
- The Hour of Perfection (eudoranachand.wordpress.com)
- Has the World Gone Crazy? What is Going On? (eudoranachand.wordpress.com)
- Simcha Torah! (mediterraneanmermaid.wordpress.com)