Let Not Man Put Asunder

All BecauseThe question has been asked:  Why is it ok to have so many wives back in the day?

Is polygamy a sin?

What is a sin?  The definition of sin is written at 1st John 3:4 ¶ Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. 

Whosoever <pas> committeth <poieo> sin <hamartia> transgresseth < hamartia > <anomia> also <kai> the law: <anomia> for <kai> sin <hamartia> is <esti> the transgression of the law. <anomia>

Poieo – abides, agrees to, performs,

Hamartia – offence

Anomia – violation of law (Torah), wickedness, iniquity, unrighteousness

We also know from John that all unrighteousness is sin. The word “sin” literally means to “miss the mark”. Sin is the violation of the Torah.  Unfortunately, even though it is written, not many are able to accept it.

eighth dayDid the Law provide for polygamy and if so how could it be a sin?

Deuteronomy 17:14-20 ~  ¶ When thou art come unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, and shalt possess it, and shalt dwell therein, and shalt say, I will set a king over me, like as all the nations that are about me;

 15 Thou shalt in any wise set him king over thee, whom the LORD thy God shall choose: one from among thy brethren shalt thou set king over thee: thou mayest not set a stranger over thee, which is not thy brother.

 16 But he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt, to the end that he should multiply horses: forasmuch as the LORD hath said unto you, Ye shall henceforth return no more that way.

 17 Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.

 18 And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites:

 19 And it shall be with him, and he shall read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to fear the LORD his God, to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to do them:

 20 That his heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left: to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he, and his children, in the midst of Israel.

In Torah we read that the kings were not to have to many wives because doing so tends to turn the heart away from Elohim which we know was certainly the case of King Solomon . Since this was written in Torah can we safely assume that Yahwey allowed polygamy? No because He said,  ‘Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.’  The kings were not supposed to have an abundance [rabah] of wives.  However,  by saying they should not multiply wives, implied that they could have more than one but not an abundance.  We do not know what He meant by ‘multiply’,   even though they clearly did.  However,  not necessarily did He intend for it to continue.

The reason I suggest this is because it was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, “Hear, ye deaf; and look, ye blind, that ye may see. Who is blind, but my servant? or deaf, as my messenger that I sent? who is blind as he that is perfect, and blind as the LORD’S servant? Seeing many things, but thou observest not; opening the ears, but he heareth not.  The LORD is well pleased for his righteousness’ sake; he will magnify the law, and make it honourable. “~ Isaiah 42:18-21

Knowing that Yahwey is well pleased for His righteousness sake, (Yahushua) would magnify the law and make it more honorable, spoke to the people saying:

MKWeddingMatthew 19:4-6  ~ And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female, And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be one flesh? Wherefore they are no more twain, but one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.

Here we see that even though the first Adam had established a marriage bond by extension (Genesis 2:23-25), Yahushua thereby is reiterating and upheld what we now call the marriage vow.

Genesis 2: 23-25 ~ And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man. {Woman: Heb. Isha} {Man: Heb. Ish} 

Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.

My BoquetNevertheless,  in Torah we know that Yahwey made provisions for at least the first wife in that if her husband took another wife, the first wife was rendered what Paul later upholds in the law (1st Corinthians 7:3) and terms, ‘due benevolence’; that the first wife’s food, her clothing and her duty (ownah) of marriage (sexual cohabitation) did not diminish unless also according to Torah, he or she were un-clean.

1st Corinthians 7:3 Let the husband render unto the wife due benevolence: and likewise also the wife unto the husband.

Elohim made this provision for the sake of a woman who might otherwise been left out in the cold should her husband take on other wives.  (Exodus 21:10)   I think this is way cool that our Creator would do such a thing, knowing that a man would have many wives even though He specifically said that the kings were not to have many wives. But even the word many could be descriptive of one or two, yet He never forbid more than one.   Even though He allowed this practice back then, He governed justly so that a woman and possibly women slaves were not treated unfairly.  He made provisions for them (slaves) as well so they were not treated the same as a man slave.

Exodus 21:10 If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

If the Law (Torah) provided for polygamy, how could it be a “sin”?

Why did Yahwey allow polygamy back then?  We don’t know.  This could be one of those things that He winked at (Acts 17:30) and now expects people to repent of or it could also be just one of those things that He keeps as a secret from us.  (Deuteronomy 29:29)

ring pillowI recently mentioned at our ladies  Bible study that the marriage ceremony was not performed in the Bible; however we know that it is in a sense implied because divorce is mentioned.  The word marriage is actually only mentioned twice in the OT.  Also we have this from Solomon: He who finds a wife finds a good thing, and obtains favor from YHWH. (Proverbs 18:22)

Now having said all of this, I personally believe there is a bigger teaching here that is often overlooked.  I won’t go into it too deeply but suffice it to say, that in order for Yahwey to give Israel a bill of divorce that He had at some point made a proposal of marriage.

I believe this was done at Mt Sanai when The God of Israel sent Moses down the hill and asked the Hebrew nation (Jew and Gentile alike that came out of Egypt),  if they would keep covenant with Him. [Exodus 19: 1-8]

Their answer was,” All that the LORD hath spoken we will do.”  Yahwey said that these people would be a peculiar treasure unto Him above all people only on the condition that if they obey His voice, and keep His covenant.  The people vowed to do all that Yahweh had required.  According to the law (Torah, Teachings of Yahwey), if a man made a vow unto Yahwey, he could not go back on his word.  (Numbers 30:1-2, Deuteronomy 23:21-23 and also reiterated in the Writings found at Ecclesiastes 5:4-5) A covenant is more than a simple contract; a covenant is based upon solemn promises (vows) of loyalty and faithfulness. This covenant relationship is designed and governed by the God of Israel, Who has declared the terms, responsibilities, and conditions.

The whole reason Yahwey did give Physical Israel a bill of divorce is because according to His own teachings in Torah, He had to uphold His own word.  They went a whoring (uncleanliness) with other gods and He couldn’t stay married to them any longer.

When a man hath taken a wife, and married her, and it come to pass that she find no favour in his eyes, because he hath found some uncleanness in her: then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and give it in her hand, and send her out of his house. And when she is departed out of his house, she may go and be another man’s wife. And if the latter husband hate her, and write her a bill of divorcement, and giveth it in her hand, and sendeth her out of his house; or if the latter husband die, which took her to be his wife;  Her former husband, which sent her away, may not take her again to be his wife, after that she is defiled; for that is abomination before the LORD: and thou shalt not cause the land to sin, which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance. (Deuteronomy 24:1-4)

So here we find three stipulations that a man must do regarding a lawful divorce.

1) The husband must write out a certificate of divorce.

2) He must deliver the certificate to his wife.

3) He must put her out of his house and send her away.

According to Yahushua who also upheld the Law, (Torah) said,  “Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement:   But I say unto you, That whosoever shall put away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, causeth her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall marry her that is divorced committeth adultery. “Whosoever shall put away his wife, and shall marry another, committeth adultery against her”   See how He magnified the Law and made it more honorable?

Wine glassYahushua knew that Yahwey cannot become the husband of the bride of Israel (The called and the chosen) because adultery is dealing treacherously with the wife of the covenant even after He divorced her; she is still a divorced woman.  Whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery if either of them, before Him, has a marriage covenant with another living spouse.  This is why the divorced woman would need a bill of divorcement to show that she is put away.

We do know that Yahwey did give His bride of the covenant, a bill of divorcement through the prophet Jeremiah.  ¶ They say, If a man put away his wife, and she go from him, and become another man’s, shall he return unto her again? shall not that land be greatly polluted? but thou hast played the harlot with many lovers; yet return again to me, saith the LORD.  Lift up thine eyes unto the high places, and see where thou hast not been lien with. In the ways hast thou sat for them, as the Arabian in the wilderness; and thou hast polluted the land with thy whoredoms and with thy wickedness.  ~ Jeremiah 3:1-2

And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared not, but went and played the harlot also. ~ Jeremiah 3:8

This is extremely important because in order for Yahushua to take upon Himself the new bride of Israel (The called and the chosen), she would have to be cleansed of all sin, be reborn as a virgin.  Israel’s first husband had to die because according to Yahwey’s own Law (Torah) He could not re-marry her because she had become unclean (defiled) and thereby could not gain the inheritance because the land was defiled that was promised as the inheritance. Therefore, Yahwey had to comply with all the requirements of His own Law. He sent Israel away; He wrote, gave and delivered her a bill of divorce.

The question often arises, ‘doesn’t Yahwey hate divorce?’ Yes, it is written that He hates divorce. He must have known that divorce was inevitable, therefore He made provisions for this as well as we have found by reading in Deuteronomy Chapter 24. Just because He made the provision, doesn’t imply that He still does not hate divorce (putting away), because He does.

Malachi 2:14-16 Yet ye say, Wherefore? Because the LORD hath been witness between thee and the wife of thy youth, against whom thou hast dealt treacherously: yet is she thy companion, and the wife of thy covenant.  And did not he make one? Yet had he the residue of the spirit. And wherefore one? That he might seek a godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.  For the LORD, the God of Israel, saith that he hateth putting away: for one covereth violence with his garment, saith the LORD of hosts: therefore take heed to your spirit, that ye deal not treacherously.

Here we also learned through the prophet Malachi the proof that Yahwey does see Israel as His wife of the covenant. Also, had He not married her,  then how could He divorce her?

Paul comes along and explains Torah:  Romans 7:3 So then if, while her husband liveth, she be married to another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if her husband be dead, she is free from that law; so that she is no adulteress, though she be married to another man.

Did you catch that? Paul is explaining Deuteronomy 24.

If, while her husband (Yahwey) is living, she is joined to another man, she shall be called an adulteress”.

But if her husband be dead, she is free from that law; so that she is no adulteress, though she be married to another man.

Now Israel is free to marry.

Jesus BowedHere is yet another one of those stipulations in Torah that Yahushua has saved us all from what Paul terms as ‘that law’ of sin. Yahushua, by joyfully going to the cross has died.  Now Israel (The called and the chosen) is free from the law and is now free to marry her first husband.  She is no longer bound in a marriage covenant with a spouse already and may now marry without committing sin, without violating the Law (Torah, the Teachings of Yahwey).

Pretty spectacular huh?

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About eudoranachand

A Spirit filled disciple who continually seeks His kingdom and His righteousness.
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